How much do you know about germs? There’s a lot of misinformation floating around the internet, but you’re in the right place to learn why they matter and which ones you should avoid.

Germs can be divided into 3 categories: bacteria, viruses and protozoa. If you’ve been to the doctor when you were sick with a cold, chances are you’ve already been told about one difference between bacteria and viruses. Antibiotics can fight bacterial infections, but they don’t help with viral infections.

Why antibiotics don’t kill all germs

It’s a little more complicated to explain, but generally, antibiotics attack the coating or cell wall around bacteria. This either kills bacteria or slows its growth so your body can fight it.

But a virus inserts itself into your DNA. There is no attack surface for viruses, so antibiotics don’t affect them. However, when your body detects a virus, it produces hormones that will kill it, just not very quickly. That’s why doctors tend to say that a virus must run its course.

The third category of germs, protozoa, are single-celled organisms. Some of them are parasitic, which means they live inside and feed off of plants, animals and humans. Just like all germs, you’ll find that some protozoa are beneficial while others can be harmful. For example, Plasmodium causes malaria. Numerous other protozoa can lead to a variety of diseases.

As you can already see, it’s possible to find germs everywhere around us. They’re in the air we breathe, the water we drink, on every object we touch, living in our bodies, and can even be found within volcanoes. In fact, germs are so resilient that scientists have been able to revive bacteria that had been frozen in ice for more than 32,000 years.

Since there are so many germs around us that are beneficial, we would never want to get rid of them all. We can all agree that we like the ones in our bodies that help us digest foods as well as keep us healthy.

But there are others we should be worried about. They can cause terrible illnesses in people and animals, which can even lead to death. The list of germs on this page fit into that category.

Washing your hands will keep you healthy

For most germs you come into contact with, the best way to reduce their chances of entering your body is to wash your hands with soap and water. And that doesn’t mean just giving them a quick rinse.

You need to get your hands wet, then work up a good lather with soap on the back of your hands, between your fingers, and on your palms (doing this the right way takes about 20 seconds). Then rinse your hands and dry them off with a clean towel.

Hand sanitizer works, too, but studies have shown it’s not quite as effective as hand-washing with soap.

Once you’re practicing good hand hygiene, keep your hands away from your face—specifically your eyes, nose and mouth. These are the easiest places for germs to enter your body, other than cuts.

Now that you know how to keep germs off your hands and out of your body, you’ll want to start killing the bad ones in your environment. SONO Disinfecting Wipes are a perfect solution for killing germs on non-porous surfaces. With just one wipe, you can clean and disinfect everything you touch the most—from cell phones to light switches to TV remotes—so that germs don’t have a place to grow.

It’s easy to find almost anything you can imagine on the internet, but simple, non-academic information about germs isn’t easy to come by. The list below will help you understand where these pathogens come from, what you can do to avoid them, and when you should consider seeking medical treatment.


Acinetobacter baumannii

Burkholderia cepacia

Campylobacter jejuni

Enterobacter aerogenes

Enterococcus faecalis

Enterococcus faecalis – Vancomycin resistant.

Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli O157:H7

Escherichia coli ESBL (Enzyme producing, antibiotic resistant)

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Legionella pneumophila

Listeria monocytogenes

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas cepacia

Pseudomonas cepacia

Pseudomonas cepacia

Canine Distemper Virus

Newcastle Disease Virus

Salmonella (choleraesuis) enterica

Salmonella schottmuelleri

Salmonella typhi

Serratia marcescens

Shigella dysenteriae

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus – Multi-drug resistant

Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin resistant strain

Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) – Vancomycin Intermediate Resistant

Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Community Associated

Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Community Associated

Streptococcus pyogenes

Vibrio cholerae

Pseudorabies Virus

Streptococcus (Enterococcus) faecalis


Candida Albicans

Herpes Simplex – Type 1

Herpes Simplex – Type 2

Hepatitis B (HBV)

Hepatitis C (HCV)

HIV-1 (AIDS Virus)

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Influenza A/Brazil

Influenza A (H1N1)

2013 Influenza A Virus (H7N9)

Norwalk Virus (Feline Caliciviruses) (Norovirus)

Feline Caliciviruse

Respiratory Syncytial Virus


SARS associated Coronavirus

Aspergillus niger

Avian Influenza (H3N2)

Avian Influenza (H5N1)


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How to wash hands properly by SONO

Wash Your Hands

One of the best ways to avoid getting sick is to wash your hands frequently. You need to completely lather your hands in soap, then scrub the soap off under warm water to remove most germs.

Cleaning laptop

Disinfect & Clean

Use SONO disinfecting wipes on door knobs, light switches, TV remotes, smartphones and other places that are touched frequently. When you disinfect, get the surface “wet” with the solution from the wipes and keep it that way for at least 4 minutes before wiping it away.

Stay healthy by SONO

Stay Healthy

Viruses and bacteria have a difficult time compromising a healthy immune system. Keep your body prepared by eating natural foods, sleeping at least 8 hours each night and finding ways to reduce stress.